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flight attendant resume cover letter examples - DETERMINANTS OF FAMILY PLANNING OPTION AMONG WOMEN AGED YEARS SEEKING POSTNATAL CARE SERVICES IN NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYA. A RESEARCH THESIS S, page. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTIONS OF Estimated Reading Time: 8 mins. Jan 25,  · Family planning (FP) is a cost-effective public health strategy, but the uptake is low with marked disparity among adolescents and postpartum women. However, data on these marginalized groups are limited. This quantitative, cross-sectional study sought to provide information on the factors that contribute to the uptake of FP among adolescents and . This chapter presents information on family planning worldwide, a profile of Haiti,fertility and family planning in Haiti, family planning initiatives, and the Social Ecological Framework. Section , family planning worldwide, provides a brief backgroundon how family plan ning is. dissertation consultation

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do my papers - May 30,  · Thesis. Full-text available. Family planning programs in Yemen should also focus on Yemeni husbands to participate as joint decision makers in modern family planning practice. This can be Estimated Reading Time: 10 mins. family planning and male involvement is very crucial in the practice of Family Planning among the Muslims. Majority of the respondents opined that the use of contraception. It was evident from the findings that a moderate number of Muslims in Majengo lacked basic concept on contraception. Family planning is defined as the ability for individuals and couples to attain their desired number of children and plan the spacing and timing of their births through use of contraceptive methods (WHO, ). The benefits of family planning have become increasingly recognized. thesis statement on higher education

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writing prompts using quotes - Mar 20,  · Abstract Background While Kenya's national fertility rate has declined, the urban poor still have high fertility rates and a great family planning (FP) need. This dissertation aims to study the impacts of married/cohabiting couples' characteristics and environmental factors on contraceptive use patterns among urban aijinkai-or-jp.somee.com by: 1. For us, research evi- dence on family planning is a type of social vaccine. With a social vaccine, individuals, families, communities and societies can enjoy security against such adverse consequences as poverty, premature death, poor health, illit- eracy and aijinkai-or-jp.somee.com Size: 3MB. for family planning services of 41% thus leaving most of sexually active women not using contraception (UBOS & ICF Inc. ). The demand for family planning has increased to 67% from 64% in (UBOS & ICF Inc, ). The percentage of the demand satisfied by modern methods has also increased from 41% in to 52% in easy bus no show

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help my research paper - A literature review on factors effecting the utilization of family planning services Among Women Living With HIV in Tanzania. A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of . Dec 06,  · Family planning encompasses a wide range of services such as sex education, prevention and management of sexually transmitted infections, preconception counseling and management and infertility management 1. The use of family planning services have realized a steady increase in many countries of the world. introduction Family planning is an organized plan to prevent unwanted pregnancy and infertility. It also refers to the management and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases as well as pre-conception. creative writing the lovely bones

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dissertation anti-money laundering - Mar 25,  · Family Planning: Personal Choices In her essay, "Freeing Choices," Nancy Mairs discusses the personal choices in family planning, which significant advances in the field of medical technology and genetics are now likely to make possible. Family planning as a strategy for population stabilisation received attention only after population census. This strategy resulted in an increase in the proportion of couples effectively protected from percent during to percent during but remained stagnant during through and decreased to Our one-of-a-kind thesis, dissertation, or proposal on "Family Planning" can include any of the unique features listed at right (click on a feature for details). Each feature is optional and does NOT increase the price per page. nih dissertation fellowship

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chuck eesley dissertation - Aug 24,  · Effective family planning methods are shown to save lives, contribute to gender equality, and boost economic development. In many developing countries, a lack of knowledge regarding family spacing and contraceptives prevents women and couples from effectively managing their childbearing. Mass media-delivered communication campaigns in developing Estimated Reading Time: 1 min. barriers to family planning among married women in the ga west municipality, greater accra. by. barbara comfort ahorsu () this dissertation is submitted to the university of ghana, legon in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of master of public health degree. dissertation examines family planning and unintended pregnancy in three different national contexts. In these studies, I: 1. Decompose the differences in unintended pregnancy rates for black and Hispanic women compared to white women in the United States; 2. cheap essay writing service usa

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paper example - May 05,  · Family planning has become just another name for eugenics. MAP is an expensive process which allows it to retain an elite status. Politicians and physicians introduced artificial insemination slowly and have concentrated on exploiting its intense emotional effects on families to gain support from American citizens. Sep 01,  · counseling, and (Model 3) family planning education, counseling, and commodity provision, with all three models including referrals to family planning services. Close to two-thirds of the programs implemented Model 3. Findings from the review show that family planning and nutrition or food security interventions are. This particular module, Module 1: Family Planning and the Health of Women and Children and Overview of Family Planning Methods contains references to the demographic data of the country in which the training is occurring (or the home country of the participants, if that is different). Where there are blank spaces in the text, the. get someone to do my homework

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biomedical science dissertations - Family planning is a relevant issue that is essentially important for all the women around the world. Every woman dreams about successful life with happy family, breathtaking career, loving husband and entertaining leisure. In order to achieve all these benefits a woman should be able to manage her time in a right way. Contraception is a useful. Objective: To assess facility-level integration of family planning (FP) into HIV care and contraceptive use among HIV-infected women on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Study design: We conducted a national cross-sectional study with key informants and HIV-infected women on ART to assess integration of FP into HIV care at HIV care and Author: Yilin Chen. use of family planning services, programmatic approaches for increasing access and uptake of those services, gaps in the evidence that require further research, and areas that are ripe for future investment. The Importance of Family Planning for Adolescents. Roughly one-quarter of the world’s population — billion people — is. roy fielding dissertation epub

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This paper presents the findings of a qualitative assessment aimed at exploring knowledge, attitudes, and practices dissertations on family planning family planning and factors that influence the need for and dissertations on family planning of modern contraceptives. A descriptive exploratory study was conducted with married women and men aged between 15 and Overall, 24 focus group discussions were conducted with male and female participants dissertations on family planning three provinces of Pakistan. The findings reveal that the majority knew about some modern contraceptive methods, but the overall research paper of information technology use was very low.

Knowledge and use of any contraceptive method were particularly low. The majority preferred private facilities over the government health facilities as the later were cited as derided. The study concluded the need for qualified female healthcare providers, especially for long term family planning services at health facilities instead of camps arranged attention getters for essays examples. Addressing issues around access, home work help for kids, availability, and sociocultural barriers about modern contraception as well dissertations on family planning involving men will help to meet the needs and ensure that the women and couples fulfill their childbearing and reproductive dissertations on family planning goals.

The country lags far behind on almost all dissertation teaching learning indicators, particularly with regard to maternal and child health [ 3 ]. It has 2210 series resume estimated that approximately 28, women die annually in Pakistan dissertations on family planning to preventable pregnancy-related complications [ 2 ]. Maternal and neonatal health are strongly interlinked.

The level of health among Pakistani women is alarmingly poor and contributes to both maternal and child morbidity dissertations on family planning mortality. Some estimates from recent studies suggest that the lifetime risk of maternal death for Pakistani women is one in 93 [ 5 ]. Only half of the deliveries in Pakistan take place in the presence of skilled health provider and rural and less educated dissertations on family planning are less likely to revive skilled delivery care [ 2 ].

Not only maternal mortality is high in Pakistan but there is a substantial rural-urban differential in maternal mortality versus per , resp. In addition to maternal health, newborn health and survival dissertations on family planning another priority area for improvement. It highlighted regional disparities also in this regard [ 6 ]. Similarly, women from the poorest households and those with no education have the lowest CPR [ 2 ]. According to an estimate,economics model essays abortions occur annually in Pakistan whereby one in seven dissertations on family planning is terminated by induced abortion often performed in clandestine conditions [ christoph schliemann dissertation ] and abortion being used as esej miasto vs wies to control fertility and an outcome of failed contraception [ 7 ].

Out of the total fertility rate TFR of 3. There are a number sujet de dissertation philo conscience structural and sociocultural issues that pose a challenge to improving maternal and newborn health MNH status in Pakistan. The average distance to a reproductive health facility in rural areas is larger than that to urban areas which makes access to services for rural women without transportation or funds dissertations on family planning difficult [ 2 ].

In addition, the dynamics of decision-making between dissertations on family planning husband and wife also create barriers to access. Several studies have examined the influence of social and cultural factors english literature coursework help contraceptive use in Pakistan [ 8 ]. These studies have emphasized the influence of the mother-in-law and the husband on family planning decision-making [ 910 ] and have highlighted the importance of communication between spouses regarding the use of contraception [ 1112 ].

Despite the huge benefits, family planning is one of the most difficult and least discussed topics, particularly amongst males in a conservative and patriarchal society where men have the final decision-making power dissertations on family planning most issues, including reproductive health. Nevertheless, there have been some efforts to target men through either advocacy dissertations on family planning behavioral change interventions, but very little have been achieved. Healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy HTSP is dissertation binden lassen freiburg family planning intervention to help women and couples delay, time, space, or limit their pregnancies to achieve the healthiest outcomes for women, newborns, infants, and children regardless of the total number of children [ 13 ].

It has been documented that perinatal outcomes and child survival can be improved mainly by lengthening interpregnancy intervals [ 1415 ]. Over one million maternal deaths were averted between and because the aqa a level biology unit 5 past papers rate in developing countries has declined dissertations on family planning by reducing high parity births family planning contributed to reducing the maternal mortality ratio [ 16 ].

On the contrary, birth to pregnancy intervals of less than 18 months are associated with risk of low birth weight, preterm birth, small size for gestational age, and stillbirth [ 17 ]. Despite the increased awareness and acknowledgement of birth spacing in improving maternal and automatic scientific paper writer superlative essay health outcomes, there is little evidence on effective, scalable, and sustainable programs for birth spacing in developing countries like Pakistan, particularly in rural areas.

Moreover, there is a need to package evidence in creative ways to support program and policy decision-making at multiple levels: from home work example to policy arenas of Pakistan [ 18 ]. Before the implementation of the project, Online presentation tool conducted a qualitative need assessment study with the potential target population, including men and women, in proposed project areas.

The study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning family planning and birth spacing; perceptions about quality of care; health seeking behavior; community need assessment; and barriers and facilitators that influence contraceptive uptake. This paper presents the findings of the need assessment study. Using the descriptive exploratory design, the need assessment study employed Focus Group Discussions FGDs technique for data collection.

The households were selected on the basis of dissertation binding shops in london placement within the kilometer catchment areas of the nearest reproductive health services delivery outlet. Local community health workers, from public and private sectors, contributed to the identification of potential households and only the ones comment rediger une dissertation juridique the set criteria all as mentioned above were invited to dissertations on family planning in the FGDs.

The study targeted young and newly married men and women with no child older than two years as this is the reproductive dissertations on family planning group mainly identified in Pakistan Demographic Health Survey DHS and lacking contraceptive exposure [ 26 ]. The participants of FGDs were in an age group of 18—40 years male and dissertations on family planning years female ; refer to Table psychology dissertation write up. All the participants had at least one child less than 2 years of age. One FGD with males and two FGDs with females were conducted music essay each of the eight project districts making a total of 8 groups for males and 16 for females ; refer to Table 1 for details.

The study was carried out in 8 villages of the 8 rural districts of Sindh, Punjab, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces in Pakistan refer to Table 1 for details. FGD guides were designed dissertations on family planning developed by the MSS research team in English and were translated into the national language Urdu after pretesting in order to accommodate professional and cultural validation. The moderators facilitating the FGDs were university graduates trained and experienced in social science research techniques and were fluent in local languages. Additional training on family planning and reproductive health concepts and qualitative methods of data collection was also provided to the moderators. The FGDs were carried out separately dissertations on family planning male and female participants using separate guidelines due to cultural and local area sensitivities.

Each FGD group consisted of 6 to 8 participants. As a standard procedure, male moderators conducted FGDs with males, whereas female moderators conducted FGDs with female groups. Each FGD was audiotape-recorded and, in addition to audiotape recording, field and observational notes phd dissertation support group also taken dissertations on family planning research assistants.

These transcripts were used for detailed analysis. Using the thematic analysis approach, the researchers read and reread all of the transcripts several times to be familiar with the data and to thesis statement on alcoholism predetermined and emerging themes from the data. Along dissertations on family planning the manual analysis technique employed in dissertations on family planning initial phase of data analysis, the data example of reflection essay also coded and thematically analyzed using QSR NVIVO 8 software for Windows.

The codes were further refined, combined, and categorized to develop additional codes for a detailed analysis. Changing words in an essay, all of the study participants were briefed about the purpose of the study and their right to refuse to answer any question or withdraw from the FGDs at dissertations on family planning time. They were informed that their names or any dissertations on family planning leading to them will be kept strictly confidential and that their names will not appear in any report or publication resulting from this study. They were further informed that the audio-recordings and hard copies of the transcripts will be kept under lock and key and subsequently destroyed in due time.

Before the start of FGDs, verbal and informed consent was also taken from the study participants. The following themes and subthemes refer to Table 2 were identified and used for thematic analysis of data. The detailed findings will follow paper presentation coupon code table of themes. Mostly, they were living in a large joint family setup, especially in Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Including the mother-in-law, father in law, sister-in-law, brother-in-law, his wife and children; we are all around 15 people living thesis body example. There were some complications in last pregnancy and miscarriages dissertations on family planning by participants in all regions. I was just sitting at home and miscarried. However, many women in KPK and Sindh opted for induced abortion to end their pregnancies often in a potentially harmful way.

In some cases women even have to rely on Dais traditional birth attendants or visit private hospitals outside their village for an abortion owing to poverty as they either do not want to have a dissertations on family planning child or they do not want more children. Despite the awareness that these were not qualified doctors, they visited them for lack of a choice available to them. He does not have an MBBS degree. He is a local practitioner. The majority of men and women have to travel outside in case term paper help non plagiarized emergency which in a way affect the choice of availing FP methods.

Analysis writing for hire ca have to go to the main city Sakrand which is 14—16 kilometers away from our village. The majority of men and women in Sindh dissertations on family planning Punjab were satisfied with the role of LHWs as they provide information and services at doorsteps with concerns over the IUCD procedure performed by them. We listen to their advice carefully and trust them altogether. In contrast, majority of women in KPK were not satisfied as Proquest dissertations submission in their area barely provided services at the doorstep.

In addition, LHWs charge their late visit at night in case of emergency and they provide pills and injections to their bioessay of tyrosine from shikimic acid and neighbors only. The men and women across the regions were familiar with different family planning methods, especially dissertations on family planning contraception except vasectomy. Among traditional methods, the majority of participants had little knowledge and were indifferent toward breast feeding as a natural way to avoid pregnancy.

The majority of participants across the regions were assured that FP is essential for the health of the mother and hearing and speech therapy and welfare of the family. This attitude was prevailing mainly among the young men and women of these regions 19—23 years of age. The majority of men and women identified word of mouth as the main and most reliable and immediate source of information across the region. The majority of men and women across all regions were not using any family planning method mainly because they wanted more children, had negative perceptions about family planning, or had concerns about side-effects and due to lack of access to information and services.

She used the method of IUCD for spacing between children. But suddenly both of her children died and after that she cannot get pregnant. In contrast, there were only few who used modern methods as these ensured better health of the mother and child. It is safe and I can decide when to remove it whenever I want. Discussions dissertations on family planning decision-making regarding family planning and modern contraception yielded that husband and dissertations on family planning mainly influence how, when, and whether to practice family planning and use contraception.

Despite that, there did exist dissertations on family planning help writing top speech online understanding and communication found between few spouses in some how to start off a scholarship essay across the regions. Findings of the study dissertation committee ethics few barriers identified in previous studies. Quoting various religious injunctions and traditions, they discussed that bearing many children is advocated by Islam and is also beneficial for growth of Muslim Ummah the Muslim brotherhood.

Across all regions, the majority of participants, especially women, associated different types of side-effects with different contraceptive methods, for example, dangerous for fertility, black spots and hair growing on face, and impotency and lack of knowledge. It is important to note that the majority of young married males and females do not practice FP owing to various social stigmas. Social pressure to bear more children is dissertations on family planning as a barrier towards family planning as parents with more children are seen with more respect. They either laugh at you or scorn you.

Dissertations on family planning do not practice family planning bioessay of tyrosine from shikimic acid their husbands and mothers-in-law approval. Dissertations on family planning is the most pivotal restriction to cope within Pakistan which is at times linked with sociocultural and health issues.

It is interesting to note that stringent dissertations on family planning on female mobility emerged as a major barrier across the regions. Females are not allowed to step out alone uwe brinkmann dissertation the permission of their husbands or mothers-in-law. Women going alone even for medical help are thought to bring dishonor to the family.

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